serviceare used to manage services in Linux.
systemctlis a newer command that was introduced with Systemd. You should prefer
serviceas it provides more advanced features.
A service is a program that runs in the background and performs a specific task. For example, the
httpd service runs the Apache HTTP server, the
mysqld service runs the MySQL database server, and the
sshd service runs the OpenSSH server. To start, stop, or restart a service, you can use the
service is a legacy command that has been used in earlier versions of Linux to manage services. It is still available in many Linux distributions and can be used to start, stop, and restart services. For example, you might have used the following command to start, stop or restart the
service httpd start service httpd stop service httpd restart
systemctl is a newer command that was introduced with Systemd, which is a system and
service manager that has become the default init system in many modern Linux distributions. It provides a more advanced way of managing services, including features like parallel startup of services, dependency-based startup, and
service unit files. Above example can be rewritten using
systemctl as follows:
systemctl start httpd systemctl stop httpd systemctl restart httpd
You should prefer
service as it provides more advanced features and is the relatively newer command. However,
service is still available in many Linux distributions and can be used to start, stop, and restart services.